Ancient Monuments

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Hunters' Burgh long barrow

A Scheduled Monument in Long Man, East Sussex

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.8118 / 50°48'42"N

Longitude: 0.1984 / 0°11'54"E

OS Eastings: 554975.118268

OS Northings: 103663.249713

OS Grid: TQ549036

Mapcode National: GBR MTR.2YR

Mapcode Global: FRA C69Y.H3S

Entry Name: Hunters' Burgh long barrow

Scheduled Date: 27 January 1967

Last Amended: 5 February 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014387

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12772

County: East Sussex

Civil Parish: Long Man

Traditional County: Sussex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): East Sussex

Church of England Parish: Wilmington St Mary and St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Chichester

Details

The Hunters' Burgh is situated on sloping ground overlooking the western edge
of the Pevensey Levels and has the appearance of being sited on the crest of
the hill. It is orientated approximately north-south, with the broader and
higher end to the south.
The most distinctive feature of the monument is the elongated earthen mound,
measuring some 65m in length and 14m-17m in width. At the southern end, where
digging by an antiquitarian has mutilated the earthwork to give it the
appearance of a more circular monument, the mound reaches a height of nearly
2m above the general ground level. The height diminishes to the north, where
erosion has had a greater effect. Less obvious features of the monument are
the flanking ditches which parallel the mound, imperceptibly on the eastern
side where the effect of erosion of the mound has been greater, but quite
clearly on the western side. It was these ditches from which the chalk used to
construct the mound was quarried.
No records survive of the excavation which mutilated the southern end of the
monument. Field survey early this century, however, suggested that the
flanking ditches joined around the northern end of the monument to form an
elongated horseshoe shape in plan.
The fence on the eastern side of the monument, which overlies the flanking
ditch for part of its length and the surface of the footpath beside the fence
are excluded from the scheduling, but the ground beneath both these features
is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking
ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic
periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early
farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments
surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows
appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the
human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide
evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and,
consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites
for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 examples of
long barrows and long cairns, their counterparts in the uplands, are recorded
nationally. As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as
earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and
their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are considered to be
nationally important.

The example of Hunters' Burgh survives well despite having been
damaged by excavation, and consequently is of high archaeological
potential. Of particular note is its proximity to a similar monument
on Windover Hill.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Curwen, E C, 'Sussex Archaeological Collections' in Sussex Archaeological Collections, , Vol. 69, (1928), 94-5
Other
Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Long Barrows, (1989)
TQ 50 SW 41,

Source: Historic England

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