Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round barrow on Newton Mulgrave Moor, 470m south west of Birchdale House

A Scheduled Monument in Roxby, North Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.5145 / 54°30'52"N

Longitude: -0.8094 / 0°48'33"W

OS Eastings: 477177.636001

OS Northings: 513897.909595

OS Grid: NZ771138

Mapcode National: GBR QJS7.KF

Mapcode Global: WHF8J.JSTG

Entry Name: Round barrow on Newton Mulgrave Moor, 470m south west of Birchdale House

Scheduled Date: 7 March 1969

Last Amended: 2 July 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016582

English Heritage Legacy ID: 32031

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Roxby

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Ugthorpe Christ Church

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes a round barrow situated in a prominent position on level
moorland at the north edge of the North York Moors.
The barrow has an earth and stone mound which measures 15m in diameter and
stands up to 1.6m high. In the centre of the mound there is a hollow caused
by excavations in the past. The north west edge of the mound has been clipped
by a vehicle track, now disused.
The barrow is one of a group of six spread across the west side of Newton
Mulgrave Moor and lies in an area rich in prehistoric monuments, including
further barrows, field systems and settlements.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite limited disturbance, the barrow 470m south west of Birchdale House
survives well. Significant information about the original form of the barrow
and the burials placed within it will be preserved. Evidence for earlier land
use will also survive beneath the barrow mound.
The barrow is one of a group of six burial monuments and such clusters
provide important insight into the development of ritual and funerary
practice during the Bronze Age. It is situated within an area which includes
other monuments dating from the Neolithic to Iron Age. Associated groups of
monuments such as these demonstrate a continuity of occupation throughout the
prehistoric period and offer important scope for the study of the
distribution and development of prehistoric activity across the landscape.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Smith, M J B, Excavated Bronze Age Burial Mounds of Durham and N' land., (1994), 80
Spratt, D A , 'Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology in North East Yorkshire' in Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology of North East Yorkshire, , Vol. 87, (1993)

Source: Historic England

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