Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.

Four bowl barrows on Long Hill, 220m west of Mere Castle

A Scheduled Monument in Mere, Wiltshire

Approximate Location Map
Large Map »
Street or Overhead View
Contributor Photos »

If Google Street View is available, the image is from the best available vantage point looking, if possible, towards the location of the monument. Where it is not available, the satellite view is shown instead.

Coordinates

Latitude: 51.0917 / 51°5'30"N

Longitude: -2.2758 / 2°16'32"W

OS Eastings: 380780.62207

OS Northings: 132525.321883

OS Grid: ST807325

Mapcode National: GBR 0V3.FFQ

Mapcode Global: FRA 6637.K65

Entry Name: Four bowl barrows on Long Hill, 220m west of Mere Castle

Scheduled Date: 26 October 1964

Last Amended: 7 July 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016569

English Heritage Legacy ID: 32611

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Mere

Built-Up Area: Mere

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Mere St Michael the Archangel

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument, which lies within three areas of protection, includes the
remains of four bowl barrows, which lie to the north of Mere on a chalk ridge
known as Long Hill, 220m west of Mere Castle.
The barrows range in diameter from 8m to 10m and survive up to 1.7m in height.
Each is surrounded by a quarry ditch from which material to construct its
mound was derived. These ditches have become infilled over the years, but will
survive as buried features approximately 2m wide. Two of the barrows are
located in a prominent position on the crest of the hill, while two are more
unusually sited at the base of the southern slope, a third slightly irregular
mound at the base of the hill cannot be positively identified as an additional
barrow and has not been included in the scheduling.
All fence posts are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath
them is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The bowl barrows on Long Hill are comparatively well preserved examples of
their class and will contain archaeological deposits providing information
about Bronze Age beliefs, economy and environment. Two of the barrows are
unusually located at the base of the hill.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, LV, The Victoria History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume V, (1957), 182

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

AncientMonuments.uk is an independent online resource and is not associated with any government department. All government data published here is used under licence. Please do not contact AncientMonuments.uk for any queries related to any individual ancient or schedued monument, planning permission related to scheduled monuments or the scheduling process itself.

AncientMonuments.uk is a Good Stuff website.