Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 1050m north east of Wood Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Mere, Wiltshire

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Latitude: 51.1095 / 51°6'34"N

Longitude: -2.273 / 2°16'22"W

OS Eastings: 380984.129391

OS Northings: 134506.035979

OS Grid: ST809345

Mapcode National: GBR 0TX.85C

Mapcode Global: VH980.KC6S

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 1050m north east of Wood Farm

Scheduled Date: 13 October 1955

Last Amended: 23 February 1998

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017706

English Heritage Legacy ID: 26847

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Mere

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Mere St Michael the Archangel

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury


The monument includes a ditched bowl barrow, situated in a prominent ridge top
position 1050m north east of Wood Farm.
The barrow includes a mound, 19m in diameter and 1.8m high, which has been
partly excavated in the past leaving depressions in the centre and on its
southern side. It is surrounded by a quarry ditch from which material to
construct the mound was excavated. This is visible in places as a shallow
depression 4m wide and up to 0.4m deep.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The bowl barrow 1050m north east of Wood Farm is a well preserved example of
its class which, despite limited excavation, exhibits a largely original
profile including, in places, a pronounced ditch. The barrow will contain
archaeological remains providing information about Bronze Age beliefs, economy
and environment, and forms an integral part of the formalised later
prehistoric landscape of White Sheet Hill.

Source: Historic England

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