Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 190m north east of Burton Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Mere, Wiltshire

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Latitude: 51.0922 / 51°5'31"N

Longitude: -2.2496 / 2°14'58"W

OS Eastings: 382613.12371

OS Northings: 132574.951945

OS Grid: ST826325

Mapcode National: GBR 1WG.G2K

Mapcode Global: FRA 6657.HDJ

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 190m north east of Burton Farm

Scheduled Date: 18 April 1956

Last Amended: 19 March 1998

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017711

English Heritage Legacy ID: 26866

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Mere

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Mere St Michael the Archangel

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury


The monument includes the remains of a large bowl barrow situated in a low
lying position 190m north east of Burton Farm.
The barrow has a mound, 1.7m high and originally 40m in diameter, and a ditch
4m wide from which material was excavated during the barrows construction. The
ditch has become infilled over the years but will survive as a buried
feature. The barrow has been truncated by a deep holloway which cuts through
its southern side.
All fence posts are excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath
is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite surviving incompletely, the bowl barrow 170m north east of Burton
Farm is a large and comparatively well preserved example of its class, and is
located in an unusual low lying position.
The barrow will contain archaeological remains providing information about
Bronze Age beliefs, economy and environment.

Source: Historic England

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