Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 300m north of White Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Codford, Wiltshire

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Latitude: 51.1509 / 51°9'3"N

Longitude: -2.0154 / 2°0'55"W

OS Eastings: 399017.210178

OS Northings: 139072.656407

OS Grid: ST990390

Mapcode National: GBR 2XB.THH

Mapcode Global: VHB5F.0BWK

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 300m north of White Farm

Scheduled Date: 4 February 1957

Last Amended: 16 July 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016561

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31670

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Codford

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Codford St Mary

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury


The monument includes a bowl barrow 300m north of White Farm and situated at
the top of a gentle east facing slope on the edge of Lamb Down, a chalk
promontory on the southern edge of Salisbury Plain commanding extensive views
over the Wylye Valley.
The mound of the barrow is up to 0.3m high and 18m across. It was built from
and situated over a localised outcrop of Middle Chalk.
Partial excavation in 1958 revealed that it is a scraped up barrow; in other
words it was built without the excavation of a quarry ditch. A pit 1.2m wide
in the centre of the mound was interpreted as a robbing hole and a burnt
surface to the south east of this with fragments of cremated bone was
interpreted as the site of a cremation. A kidney shaped pit containing the
bones of a horse and two dogs which cut the robbing pit was interpreted as a
recent intrusion. One fragment of Bronze Age pottery as well as Romano British
pottery, a bronze pendant and three iron studs were found in the mound and the
chalk below.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite being spread by ploughing, the bowl barrow 300m north of White Farm
will contain further archaeological and environmental evidence relating
to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. Partial
excavation has revealed several phases of use indicating the significance of
the monument over many centuries.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Colt Hoare, R, The Ancient History of Wiltshire: Volume I, (1812), 81
Vatcher, F, 'Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Magazine' in The Excavation of the Barrows on Lamb Down: Codford St Mary, , Vol. 58, (1963), 417-441

Source: Historic England

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