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Bowl barrow 1020m north west of White Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Codford, Wiltshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.1552 / 51°9'18"N

Longitude: -2.0242 / 2°1'27"W

OS Eastings: 398400.625499

OS Northings: 139550.625499

OS Grid: ST984395

Mapcode National: GBR 2X9.K1R

Mapcode Global: VHB5D.V7Q8

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 1020m north west of White Farm

Scheduled Date: 4 February 1957

Last Amended: 16 July 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016560

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31669

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Codford

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Codford St Mary

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated 1020m north west of White Farm
and north east of the scarp face of Lamb Down, a chalk hill on the southern
edge of Salisbury Plain commanding extensive views over the Wylye Valley to
the south.
The mound of the barrow is up to 2.4m high and 22m in diameter. To the south
and west it has a ditch 1.5m wide and 0.1m deep from which material was
quarried during its construction. To the north and east the ditch has become
infilled and survives as a buried feature.
A downcut area to the south east of the mound is interpreted as an early
attempt at excavation.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The bowl barrow 1020m north west of White Farm is well preserved and is a good
example of its type. It will contain archaeological remains and environmental
evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was
constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, The Victoria History of the County of Wiltshire, (1957), 166

Source: Historic England

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