Ancient Monuments

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Barrow Elm round barrow

A Scheduled Monument in Hatherop, Gloucestershire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.7364 / 51°44'10"N

Longitude: -1.768 / 1°46'4"W

OS Eastings: 416114.691117

OS Northings: 204208.698244

OS Grid: SP161042

Mapcode National: GBR 4SB.3TR

Mapcode Global: VHB2N.9MN8

Entry Name: Barrow Elm round barrow

Scheduled Date: 17 January 1949

Last Amended: 7 July 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016505

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31937

County: Gloucestershire

Civil Parish: Hatherop

Traditional County: Gloucestershire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Gloucestershire

Church of England Parish: Coln St Aldwyn St John the Baptist

Church of England Diocese: Gloucester

Details

The monument includes a round barrow immediately to the north of the Salt Way.
The barrow has a mound measuring 19m east-west by 15m north-south and which is
1.5m high. The mound is surrounded by a ditch which has become infilled over
the years and which is no longer visible at ground level. It will, however,
survive as a buried feature about 3m wide. Although there is no evidence that
the barrow has been excavated in the past, the south side of the barrow has
been cut through, and completely destoyed by the line of the modern road.
The barrow is thought to have been the meeting point of Brightwold's Hundred,
known as `La Berge near Hatherop', although this identification has not been
proven.
The post and wire fence which encloses the barrow on the north, and the dry
stone wall which extends east and west from the edge of the mound, are
excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath these features is
included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Barrow Elm round barrow survives well, despite disturbance to the southern
side during road construction. The mound will contain evidence for primary and
secondary burials, along with grave goods, which will provide information
about the nature of prehistoric burial rituals. It will also preserve part of
the original ground surface, predating the construction of the barrow. The
mound and its surrounding ditch will also contain environmental evidence in
the form of organic remains, which relate both to the barrow and the landscape
within which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Burton, R J, 'Trans. Bristol and Glos. Arch Society' in Archaeological Notes, , Vol. LII, (1930), 275-6
Fuller, E A, 'Trans. Bristol and Glos. Arch Society' in Cirencester: The Manor And The Town, , Vol. IX.2, (1884), 333

Source: Historic England

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