Ancient Monuments

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Wayside Cross at Hatherop

A Scheduled Monument in Hatherop, Gloucestershire

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Latitude: 51.7454 / 51°44'43"N

Longitude: -1.7759 / 1°46'33"W

OS Eastings: 415567.729169

OS Northings: 205207.526916

OS Grid: SP155052

Mapcode National: GBR 4S4.FV0

Mapcode Global: VHB2N.5DHC

Entry Name: Wayside Cross at Hatherop

Scheduled Date: 28 June 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014415

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22098

County: Gloucestershire

Civil Parish: Hatherop

Traditional County: Gloucestershire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Gloucestershire

Church of England Parish: Coln St Aldwyn St John the Baptist

Church of England Diocese: Gloucester


The monument includes part of a wayside cross shaft embedded in its original
socket on a three step calvary, situated in a garden bordering the road in the
village of Hatherop.
The stone base of the calvary is 2.7m square and 0.15m high; the next step is
2.2m square and 1.75m high, and the third step is 1.45m square and 0.2m high.
Above this the socket stone is 0.8m square and 0.45m high. It is octagonal
above with broaches at the angles, each side of the octagonal measuring 0.4m.
The socket in which the shaft is embedded is 0.35m square. The stump is part
of an octagonal shaft, squared by broaches and fixed with lead into the
socket. The shaft measures 0.45m high and tapers from its basal width of 0.35m
to c.0.3m.
This wayside cross was open to the road in the last century, and has been
dated to the late 14th century.
Excluded from the scheduling are the low garden wall and the iron railings
embedded in the wall where these fall within the cross's protective
margin, although the ground beneath these structures is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Wayside crosses are one of several types of Christian cross erected during the
medieval period, mostly from the 9th to 15th centuries AD. In addition to
serving the function of reiterating and reinforcing the Christian faith
amongst those who passed the cross and of reassuring the traveller, wayside
crosses often fulfilled a role as waymarkers, especially in difficult and
otherwise unmarked terrain. The crosses might be on regularly used routes
linking ordinary settlements or on routes having a more specifically religious
function, including those providing access to religious sites for parishioners
and funeral processions, or marking long-distance routes frequented on
Over 350 wayside crosses are known nationally, concentrated in south west
England throughout Cornwall and on Dartmoor where they form the commonest type
of stone cross. A small group also occurs on the North York Moors. Relatively
few examples have been recorded elsewhere and these are generally confined to
remote moorland locations.
Outside Cornwall almost all wayside crosses take the form of a `Latin' cross,
in which the cross-head itself is shaped within the projecting arms of an
unenclosed cross. In Cornwall wayside crosses vary considerably in form and
decoration. The commonest type includes a round, or `wheel', head on the faces
of which various forms of cross or related designs were carved in relief or
incised, the spaces between the cross arms possibly pierced. The design was
sometimes supplemented with a relief figure of Christ and the shaft might bear
decorative panels and motifs. Less common forms in Cornwall include the
`Latin' cross and, much rarer, the simple slab with a low relief cross on both
faces. Rare examples of wheel-head and slab-form crosses also occur within the
North York Moors group. Most wayside crosses have either a simple socketed
base or show no evidence for a separate base at all.
Wayside crosses contribute significantly to our understanding of medieval
religious customs and sculptural traditions and to our knowledge of medieval
routeways and settlement patterns. All wayside crosses which survive as earth-
fast monuments, except those which are extremely damaged and removed from
their original locations, are considered worthy of protection.

Despite the shaft being broken, the wayside cross at Hatherop survives well
with many of its original elements intact in what is likely to be its original
location beside the road. The garden wall does not detract from the monument
and serves as protection from passing traffic.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Pooley, C, Notes on the Old Crosses of Gloucestershire, (1868), 58-9

Source: Historic England

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