Ancient Monuments

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Twin bowl barrow 660m east of the Club House on Petersfield Heath Common, part of the Petersfield Heath Group

A Scheduled Monument in Petersfield, Hampshire

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Latitude: 50.9971 / 50°59'49"N

Longitude: -0.9244 / 0°55'27"W

OS Eastings: 475575.666265

OS Northings: 122514.3289

OS Grid: SU755225

Mapcode National: GBR CCB.F3F

Mapcode Global: FRA 86YG.X9Y

Entry Name: Twin bowl barrow 660m east of the Club House on Petersfield Heath Common, part of the Petersfield Heath Group

Scheduled Date: 18 July 1932

Last Amended: 4 February 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016460

English Heritage Legacy ID: 32540

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: Petersfield

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Church of England Parish: Petersfield St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Portsmouth


The monument includes a twin bowl barrow of Late Neolithic to Bronze Age date
situated on a low rise at the south end of Petersfield Heath Common, between
Sussex Road and Heath Road East. It forms part of a round barrow cemetery east
of Heath Pond, known as the Petersfield Heath Group. Now comprising 21
barrows, a first edition Ordnance Survey map dated to 1810 indicates that this
round barrow cemetery was formerly more extensive, including further barrows
situated to the north and east, now destroyed by modern housing.
The monument includes two low mounds which overlap to form a single, oval
shaped barrow which is oriented north east-south west and measures
approximately 27m by 18m in diameter. The south western mound stands
approximately 0.5m high and appears to overlap the lower north western mound
which stands approximately 0.3m high. There is no visible trace of an outer
quarry ditch, although this will survive as a 2m wide buried feature. The
barrow has been disturbed to the north by the construction and use of a modern
golf green and earthen footpath.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

Bowl barrows are the most numerous form of round barrow and date from the Late
Neolithic to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples falling between 2400-
The twin bowl barrow on Petersfield Heath Common 660m east of the Club House
survives reasonably well despite some later disturbance caused by the modern
use of the area as a golf course and public recreation ground. This and the
other barrows in the group can be expected to retain important archaeological
remains and environmental evidence relating to the cemetery and the
environment in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club' in Hampshire Barrows, , Vol. 14, (1940), 356
Piggott, Stuart, (1930)

Source: Historic England

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