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Saucer barrow 220m south of the Club House on Petersfield Heath Common, part of the Petersfield Heath Group

A Scheduled Monument in Petersfield, Hampshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.001 / 51°0'3"N

Longitude: -0.9248 / 0°55'29"W

OS Eastings: 475539.401271

OS Northings: 122949.774601

OS Grid: SU755229

Mapcode National: GBR CCB.10Y

Mapcode Global: FRA 86YG.PHM

Entry Name: Saucer barrow 220m south of the Club House on Petersfield Heath Common, part of the Petersfield Heath Group

Scheduled Date: 18 July 1932

Last Amended: 4 February 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016455

English Heritage Legacy ID: 32535

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: Petersfield

Built-Up Area: Petersfield

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Church of England Parish: Petersfield St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Portsmouth

Details

The monument includes a saucer barrow of Bronze Age date, situated on low
lying ground near the centre of Petersfield Heath Common. It forms part of a
round barrow cemetery east of Heath Pond, known as the Petersfield Heath
Group. Now comprising 21 barrows, a first edition Ordnance Survey map dated
to 1810 indicates that this round barrow cemetery was formerly more extensive,
including further barrows situated to the north and east, now destroyed by
modern housing.
The saucer barrow has an overall diameter of approximately 15m. It has been
nearly levelled by the modern construction of a golf course fairway, but
survives as a faint circular ditch, approximately 2m wide and 0.05m deep, and
an outer bank which can be seen as a parch mark, about 2m wide. An earthwork
survey in 1930 recorded the presence of a central barrow mound as a slightly
raised area, 7m in diameter. This mound is now completely level and is crossed
by a modern earthen footpath.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

Saucer barrows date to the Early Bronze Age, most examples falling between
1800 and 1200BC. They are one of the rarest recognised forms of round barrow,
with about 60 examples known nationally, most of which are in Wessex.
The saucer barrow on Petersfield Heath Common 220m south of the Club House
survives despite some later disturbance caused by the modern use of the area
as a golf course and public recreation ground. This and the other barrows in
the group can be expected to retain important archaeological remains and
environmental evidence relating to the cemetery and the environment in which
it was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club' in Hampshire Barrows, , Vol. 14, (1939)

Source: Historic England

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