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Bowl barrow 160m south of the Club House on Petersfield Heath Common, part of the Petersfield Heath Group

A Scheduled Monument in Petersfield, Hampshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.0016 / 51°0'5"N

Longitude: -0.9247 / 0°55'28"W

OS Eastings: 475547.56278

OS Northings: 123019.2666

OS Grid: SU755230

Mapcode National: GBR CCB.11T

Mapcode Global: FRA 86YG.HLM

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 160m south of the Club House on Petersfield Heath Common, part of the Petersfield Heath Group

Scheduled Date: 18 July 1932

Last Amended: 4 February 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016454

English Heritage Legacy ID: 32534

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: Petersfield

Built-Up Area: Petersfield

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Church of England Parish: Petersfield St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Portsmouth

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow of Late Neolithic to Bronze Age date,
situated on low lying ground near the centre of Petersfield Heath Common. It
forms part of a round barrow cemetery east of Heath Pond, known as the
Petersfield Heath Group. Now comprising 21 barrows, a first edition Ordnance
Survey map dated to 1810 indicates that this round barrow cemetery was
formerly more extensive, including further barrows situated to the north and
east, now destroyed by modern housing.
The bowl barrow includes a flat-topped mound which is slightly oval in shape,
oriented north-south. It stands approximately 1.9m above the surrounding
heathland and measures approximately 32m by 28m in diameter. There is no
visible trace of an outer quarry ditch, although this will survive as a buried
feature approximately 2m wide.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

Bowl barrows are the most numerous form of round barrow and date from the Late
Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the
period 2400-1500BC.
The bowl barrow on Petersfield Heath Common 160m south of the Club House
survives well despite some later disturbance caused by the modern use of the
area as a public recreation ground. This and the other barrows in the group
can be expected to retain important archaeological remains and environmental
evidence relating to the cemetery and the environment in which it was
constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club' in Hampshire Barrows, , Vol. 14, (1939)

Source: Historic England

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