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Bowl barrow 190m north east of the Club House on Petersfield Heath Common, part of the Petersfield Heath Group

A Scheduled Monument in Petersfield, Hampshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.0034 / 51°0'12"N

Longitude: -0.9223 / 0°55'20"W

OS Eastings: 475716.330503

OS Northings: 123225.144001

OS Grid: SU757232

Mapcode National: GBR CCB.1MT

Mapcode Global: FRA 86YG.JHM

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 190m north east of the Club House on Petersfield Heath Common, part of the Petersfield Heath Group

Scheduled Date: 18 July 1932

Last Amended: 4 February 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016447

English Heritage Legacy ID: 32527

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: Petersfield

Built-Up Area: Petersfield

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Church of England Parish: Petersfield St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Portsmouth

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow of Late Neolithic to Bronze Age date
situated on low lying ground at the northern end of Petersfield Heath Common.
It forms part of a round barrow cemetery east of Heath Pond, known as the
Petersfield Heath Group. Now comprising a total of 21 barrows, a first edition
Ordnance Survey map dated to 1810 indicates that this round barrow cemetery
was formerly more extensive, including further barrows situated to the north
and east, now destroyed by modern housing.
The barrow mound is flat-topped, steep-sided, and roughly circular in shape.
It stands approximately 2m high and has a diameter of about 21m. There is no
visible trace of a surrounding quarry ditch, although this will survive as a
buried feature approximately 2m wide. A small mound that abuts the monument to
the north west is the result of later burial of tree stumps and is not
included in the scheduling except where it falls within the extent of the
monument.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

Bowl barrows are the most numerous from of round barrow and date from the Late
Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the
period 2400-1500BC.
The bowl barrow on Petersfield Heath Common 190m north east of the Club House
survives well despite some later disturbance caused by the modern use of the
area as a public recreation ground. This and the earlier barrows in the group
can be expected to retain important archaeological remains and environmental
evidence relating to the cemetery and the environment in which it was
constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club' in Hampshire Barrows, , Vol. 14, (1939)

Source: Historic England

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