Ancient Monuments

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Highworth circle 200m north east of Common Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Highworth, Swindon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.637 / 51°38'13"N

Longitude: -1.6946 / 1°41'40"W

OS Eastings: 421230.131501

OS Northings: 193174.874118

OS Grid: SU212931

Mapcode National: GBR 4TL.BCP

Mapcode Global: VHC0Q.K3ZX

Entry Name: Highworth circle 200m north east of Common Farm

Scheduled Date: 8 September 1949

Last Amended: 29 January 1998

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016390

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28976

County: Swindon

Civil Parish: Highworth

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Highworth with Sevenhampton and Inglesham

Church of England Diocese: Bristol

Details

The monument includes an earthwork enclosure, known as a Highworth circle,
located 200m north east of Common Farm.
The enclosure is approximately circular and is mostly formed by a ditch up to
2.75m wide and 0.25m deep surrounded by an outer bank 6.5m wide and up to 0.6m
high. The western side of the enclosure differs slightly in formation. Here,
the ditch is narrower, up to 1.8m wide and is separated from the outer bank by
a level area 8m wide. The enclosure has an overall diameter of 121m.
All fence posts are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath
these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Highworth circles are a type of earthwork enclosure found mostly in north east
Wiltshire, with a few outliers north of the Thames in Oxfordshire. Although
they are known as `circles' their form varies from circular or sub-circular,
with diameters of between 40m and 90m, to sub-rectangular. All have a wide
flat bottomed ditch with an external bank. Despite limited fieldwork and
excavation their date remains uncertain. Although sharing characteristics with
henge monuments of Neolithic date, Highworth circles, located almost entirely
within the Hundred of Highworth, may be suggested as being of medieval date,
possibly constructed for stock management. Over 40 examples have been
recorded, many of them reduced by modern cultivation.
All examples exhibiting significant survival of archaeological remains will
normally be identified as nationally important.
The Highworth circle 200m north east of Common Farm is well preserved and will
contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the
monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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