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Two Highworth circles 600m south east of North Leaze Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Highworth, Swindon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.6532 / 51°39'11"N

Longitude: -1.719 / 1°43'8"W

OS Eastings: 419536.334229

OS Northings: 194969.442754

OS Grid: SU195949

Mapcode National: GBR 4TC.B76

Mapcode Global: VHC0J.5Q31

Entry Name: Two Highworth circles 600m south east of North Leaze Farm

Scheduled Date: 8 September 1949

Last Amended: 29 January 1998

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016387

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28972

County: Swindon

Civil Parish: Highworth

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Highworth with Sevenhampton and Inglesham

Church of England Diocese: Bristol

Details

The monument includes two earthwork enclosures, known as Highworth circles,
located 600m south east of North Leaze Farm. The site lies on a clay plain
with Crouch Hill to the south west and the River Thames to the north. The
adjoining enclosures, which are aligned north to south are each formed by an
approximately circular ditch surrounded by a bank.
The northernmost enclosure has an overall diameter of approximately 75m, and
consists of a ditch 4.5m wide and 0.25m deep, surrounded by an outer bank 4.5m
wide and 0.25m high.
The southernmost enclosure has an overall diameter of approximately 79m and
consists of a ditch 3m wide and 0.25m deep surrounded by an outer bank 4.25m
wide and 0.2m high.
All fence posts are excluded from the schedulings, although the ground beneath
these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Highworth circles are a type of earthwork enclosure found mostly in north east
Wiltshire, with a few outliers north of the Thames in Oxfordshire. Although
they are known as `circles' their form varies from circular or sub-circular,
with diameters of between 40m and 90m, to sub-rectangular. All have a wide
flat bottomed ditch with an external bank. Despite limited fieldwork and
excavation their date remains uncertain. Although sharing characteristics with
henge monuments of Neolithic date, Highworth circles, located almost entirely
within the Hundred of Highworth, may be suggested of being of medieval date
possibly constructed for stock management. Over 40 examples have been
recorded, many of them reduced by modern cultivation.
All examples exhibiting significant survival of archaeological remains will
normally be identified as nationally important.
The two Highworth circles 600m south east of North Leaze Farm survive
comparatively well and will contain archaeological remains and environmental
evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was
constructed.

Source: Historic England

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