Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Rectangular earthwork enclosure in Hill Wood, 650m south east of Grimsdyke Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Kiddington with Asterleigh, Oxfordshire

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Latitude: 51.8898 / 51°53'23"N

Longitude: -1.3998 / 1°23'59"W

OS Eastings: 441398.658014

OS Northings: 221422.235948

OS Grid: SP413214

Mapcode National: GBR 7VW.DWX

Mapcode Global: VHBZJ.PR9M

Entry Name: Rectangular earthwork enclosure in Hill Wood, 650m south east of Grimsdyke Farm

Scheduled Date: 9 April 1951

Last Amended: 24 September 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016329

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28111

County: Oxfordshire

Civil Parish: Kiddington with Asterleigh

Traditional County: Oxfordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Oxfordshire

Church of England Parish: Wootton, Glympton and Kiddington

Church of England Diocese: Oxford


The monument includes a roughly rectangular earthwork enclosure, believed to
be Iron Age in date, which is situated in Hill Wood, 650m south east of
Grimsdyke Farm.
The enclosure lies on a steep east-facing slope with its only original
entrance in the south west (uphill) corner. The enclosure measures
approximately 115m east-west and 55m north-south and is surrounded by a
shallow ditch which measures from 12m to 13.6m wide and now stands open to a
depth of 0.4m. This ditch is partly infilled with accumulated leaf litter and
will survive as a buried feature about 1m deep. A low earthwork 0.2m high and
about 2m wide around the entrance in the south western corner is believed to
represent the remains of a rampart bank.
All fences are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them
is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Enclosures provide evidence of land use and agricultural practices in the
prehistoric and Romano-British periods, although later examples are also
known. They were constructed as stock pens or as protected areas for crop
growing and were sometimes subdivided to provide temporary dwellings for
stock, farmers or herdsmen. The size and form of enclosures may vary
considerably depending on their particular function. Their variation in form,
longevity and their relationship to other monument classes, including
extensive field systems, provides important information on the diversity of
social organisation and farming practices. Enclosures are central to our
understanding of the development of the rural landscape and well-preserved
examples are considered worthy of protection.
The enclosure in Hill Wood survives well and will contain archaeological and
environmental evidence relating to its construction and use, and to the nature
of the landscape in which it was built. The part infilling of the ditches
will have resulted in the enhanced preservation of organic remains in the
primary archaeological deposits.

Source: Historic England


Title: SP 42 SW
Source Date: 1960
1:10560 Map quarter sheet

Source: Historic England

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