Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 60m north of Wood Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Kiddington with Asterleigh, Oxfordshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.8775 / 51°52'39"N

Longitude: -1.4069 / 1°24'24"W

OS Eastings: 440921.682984

OS Northings: 220051.796859

OS Grid: SP409200

Mapcode National: GBR 6TQ.C3L

Mapcode Global: VHBZQ.K2KH

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 60m north of Wood Farm

Scheduled Date: 22 March 1949

Last Amended: 13 October 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009422

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21823

County: Oxfordshire

Civil Parish: Kiddington with Asterleigh

Traditional County: Oxfordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Oxfordshire

Church of England Parish: Wootton, Glympton and Kiddington

Church of England Diocese: Oxford

Details

The monument includes a Bronze Age bowl barrow situated 60m north of Wood Farm
and 450m east of Kingswood Brake bowl barrow.

The barrow mound measures 30m in diameter and stands up to 1.5m high. There is
a slight depression 0.2m deep and c.1m wide on the summit of the mound,
suggesting a possible antiquarian investigation of the site. There is also
evidence of disturbance on the northern side in the form of a narrow 1m wide
trench.

Surrounding the mound is a quarry ditch from which material was obtained
during its construction. This has become infilled over the years but remains
visible as a faint earthwork on the north eastern side of the mound. The
remainder of its circuit will survive as a buried feature c.2m wide.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.


The bowl barrow 60m north of Wood Farm survives well despite having been
partially excavated. It forms a prominent feature and will contain
archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the construction of the
barrow and the landscape in which it was built.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
PRN 1729, C.A.O., Wood Farm Round Barrow, (1983)
Title: Ordnance Survey 1:10000 Series
Source Date: 1980
Author:
Publisher:
Surveyor:
SP 42 NW

Source: Historic England

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