Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow in Kingswood Brake, 450m WNW of Wood Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Kiddington with Asterleigh, Oxfordshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.8779 / 51°52'40"N

Longitude: -1.414 / 1°24'50"W

OS Eastings: 440436.678024

OS Northings: 220090.478992

OS Grid: SP404200

Mapcode National: GBR 6TQ.9B1

Mapcode Global: VHBZQ.F2V6

Entry Name: Bowl barrow in Kingswood Brake, 450m WNW of Wood Farm

Scheduled Date: 26 September 1935

Last Amended: 23 August 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009421

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21821

County: Oxfordshire

Civil Parish: Kiddington with Asterleigh

Traditional County: Oxfordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Oxfordshire

Church of England Parish: Wootton, Glympton and Kiddington

Church of England Diocese: Oxford

Details

The monument includes a Bronze Age bowl barrow situated 450m WNW of Wood Farm
in Kingswood Brake. The barrow mound measures 20m in diameter, of which the
central 16m survives as a visible earthwork up to 1.5m high. The remainder of
the barrow has been reduced to ground level by cultivation. Surrounding the
mound, but no longer visible at ground level, is a quarry ditch which provided
material for its construction. This will survive as a buried feature c.2m
wide.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The bowl barrow in Kingswood Brake survives well, despite having been
partly reduced by cultivation, and will contain archaeological and
environmental evidence relating to its construction and the landscape in which
it was built.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
OCN 24, Schedule of Ancient Monuments - Oxfordshire, Schedule of Ancient Monuments, (1976)
Title: Ordnance Survey 1:10000
Source Date: 1980
Author:
Publisher:
Surveyor:
Sheet SP 42 SW

Source: Historic England

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