Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow situated in Round Clump, Ditchley Park

A Scheduled Monument in Spelsbury, Oxfordshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.8884 / 51°53'18"N

Longitude: -1.4268 / 1°25'36"W

OS Eastings: 439546.644092

OS Northings: 221249.865921

OS Grid: SP395212

Mapcode National: GBR 6TJ.D49

Mapcode Global: VHBZJ.7S2Q

Entry Name: Bowl barrow situated in Round Clump, Ditchley Park

Scheduled Date: 22 March 1949

Last Amended: 14 October 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009415

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21811

County: Oxfordshire

Civil Parish: Spelsbury

Traditional County: Oxfordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Oxfordshire

Church of England Parish: Enstone

Church of England Diocese: Oxford

Details

The monument includes a well preserved Bronze Age bowl barrow situated on a
slight hill in Ditchley Park. The barrow has been used as the central element
in the planting of a ring of trees known as Round Clump.
The barrow mound measures 30m in diameter and stands up to 1m high.
Surrounding the mound is a quarry ditch which provided material for its
construction. The ditch remains open and measures 9m wide and 1.5m deep.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The bowl barrow in Round Clump is one of the largest and best preserved
examples of its class in Oxfordshire. As such it will contain important
archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the construction of the
monument and the landscape in which it was built.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
PRN 1579, C.A.O., DITCHLEY PARK ROUND CLUMP ROUND BARROW, (1983)
Title: Ordnance Survey 1:10000 Series
Source Date: 1980
Author:
Publisher:
Surveyor:
SP 32 SE
Title: Ordnance Survey 1:2500 Series
Source Date:
Author:
Publisher:
Surveyor:
Ditchley Park

Source: Historic England

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