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Hall Hills medieval dispersed settlement 370m WNW of St Cuthbert's Church

A Scheduled Monument in Askerton, Cumbria

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Coordinates

Latitude: 55.0652 / 55°3'54"N

Longitude: -2.6871 / 2°41'13"W

OS Eastings: 356215.981928

OS Northings: 574737.189702

OS Grid: NY562747

Mapcode National: GBR 99PW.12

Mapcode Global: WH7Z7.PYMB

Entry Name: Hall Hills medieval dispersed settlement 370m WNW of St Cuthbert's Church

Scheduled Date: 24 September 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016083

English Heritage Legacy ID: 27776

County: Cumbria

Civil Parish: Askerton

Traditional County: Cumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria

Church of England Parish: Bewcastle St Cuthbert

Church of England Diocese: Carlisle

Details

The monument includes the earthworks and buried remains of Hall Hills medieval
dispersed settlement. It is located on a local high point overlooking the
confluence of Hall Sike and Kirk Beck, 370m WNW of St Cuthbert's Church,
and includes a partly mutilated platform upon which lie the turf-covered
remains of a stone-built house, an enclosure and a small building
platform.
The house measures approximately 12m square externally with walls c.2m wide
and up to 0.3m high, and is flanked by a shallow ditch on its south and west
sides. Immediately to the east of the house there is a rectangular enclosure
interpreted as a stock enclosure measuring 17.5m by 15m which has been
subdivided into two by a low wall or bank. On the enclosure's southern side
there are faint traces of a low platform measuring 9m by 4m and up to 0.1m
high which is interpreted as the site of a timber outbuilding.
All fence posts are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath
them is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Medieval rural settlements in England were marked by great regional diversity
in form, size and type, and the protection of their archaeological remains
needs to take these differences into account. To do this, England has been
divided into three broad Provinces on the basis of each area's distinctive
mixture of nucleated and dispersed settlements. These can be further divided
into sub-Provinces and local regions, possessing characteristics which have
gradually evolved during the past 1500 years or more.
The Borders local region comprises the great slope of land between the high
Cheviots and the Solway, where hamlets and scattered farmsteads predominate,
and where bastles and tower houses recall the social conditions of the Anglo-
Scottish borders before the mid-7th century. The eastern part of the region,
containing the wastes of the Bewcastle Fells and Spadeadam, can be seen as a
separate subdivision; it was occupied by shieling grounds during the Middle
Ages and the Tudor period, and preserves the remains of associated settlement
sites.

Despite some slight damage by later ploughing and quarrying to the platform on
which the monuments is located, Hall Hills medieval dispersed settlement
survives reasonably well and will retain significant archaeological deposits.
It is a good example of this class of monument located in the Border Region
and will add to our understanding of the wider border settlement and economy
during the medieval period.

Source: Historic England

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