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Medieval dispersed settlement 210m WNW of Lukes Cottage

A Scheduled Monument in Askerton, Cumbria

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Coordinates

Latitude: 55.0516 / 55°3'5"N

Longitude: -2.6856 / 2°41'8"W

OS Eastings: 356295.244611

OS Northings: 573227.017778

OS Grid: NY562732

Mapcode National: GBR 9BP0.CY

Mapcode Global: WH7ZF.Q9B6

Entry Name: Medieval dispersed settlement 210m WNW of Lukes Cottage

Scheduled Date: 24 September 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016084

English Heritage Legacy ID: 27777

County: Cumbria

Civil Parish: Askerton

Traditional County: Cumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria

Church of England Parish: Lanercostwith Kirkcambeck St Mary Magdalene

Church of England Diocese: Carlisle

Details

The monument includes the earthworks and buried remains of a medieval
dispersed settlement 210m WNW of Lukes Cottage. It is located on gently
sloping land and includes two rectangular enclosures, one which would have
contained a house, the other which would have functioned as a garden or
stockpen.
The smaller of the two enclosures is interpreted as being the site of the
house. It measures approximately 10m by 5m externally with its long axis
aligned downslope, and is bounded by an earth and stone bank up to 1m wide by
1m high. The larger enclosure is situated immediately to the east of the
house. It measures approximately 15m by 13m and, like the house, is bounded by
an earth and stone bank of similar dimensions.
All modern field boundaries, field drains and gateposts are excluded from the
scheduling, although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Medieval rural settlements in England were marked by great regional diversity
in form, size and type, and the protection of their archaeological remains
needs to take these differences into account. To do this, England has been
divided into three broad Provinces on the basis of each area's distinctive
mixture of nucleated and dispersed settlements. These can be further divided
into sub-Provinces and local regions, possessing characteristics which have
gradually evolved during the past 1500 years or more.
The Borders local region comprises the great slope of land between the high
Cheviots and the Solway, where hamlets and scattered farmsteads predominate,
and where bastles and tower houses recall the social conditions of the Anglo-
Scottish borders before the mid-7th century. The eastern part of the region,
containing the wastes of the Bewcastle Fells and Spadeadam, can be seen as a
separate subdivision; it was occupied by shieling grounds during the Middle
Ages and the Tudor period, and preserves the remains of associated settlement
sites.

Despite some slight disturbance by modern land drainage, the medieval
dispersed settlement 210m WNW of Lukes Cottage survives reasonably well and
will retain significant archaeological deposits. It is a good example of one
of the smaller types of this class of monument located in the Border Region
and will add to our understanding of the wider border settlement and economy
during the medieval period.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
AP No. CCC2097m,11, Cumbria County Council, Askerton, Lukes Cottage,

Source: Historic England

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