Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Hennel Cleugh bowl barrow, 785m south west of High Grains Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Askerton, Cumbria

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Latitude: 55.0674 / 55°4'2"N

Longitude: -2.6573 / 2°39'26"W

OS Eastings: 358123.15376

OS Northings: 574964.882754

OS Grid: NY581749

Mapcode National: GBR 99WV.H9

Mapcode Global: WH90D.4WXN

Entry Name: Hennel Cleugh bowl barrow, 785m south west of High Grains Farm

Scheduled Date: 11 July 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015864

English Heritage Legacy ID: 27768

County: Cumbria

Civil Parish: Askerton

Traditional County: Cumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria

Church of England Parish: Bewcastle St Cuthbert

Church of England Diocese: Carlisle


The monument includes a bowl barrow located on the very edge of high ground on
Hennel Cleugh overlooking a steep declevity down to Kirk Beck. It includes a
slightly oval-shaped mound of turf-covered earth and stone measuring 9.5m
north-south by 9m east-west and up to 0.5m high.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Hennel Cleugh bowl barrow survives well and will contain undisturbed
archaeological deposits within the mound and upon the old landsurface beneath.
The barrow lies close to other prehistoric monuments on the fells around
Bewcastle and thus indicates the importance of this area in prehistoric times
and the diversity of monument classes to be found here.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Royal Commission on Historical Monuments, , Monuments Threatened or Destroyed, (1970), 13
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)
SMR No. 105, Cumbria SMR, Hennel Cleugh, (1985)

Source: Historic England

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