Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow on St Catherine's Down, 680m north of lighthouse on St Catherine's Hill

A Scheduled Monument in Niton and Whitwell, Isle of Wight

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Latitude: 50.5982 / 50°35'53"N

Longitude: -1.3047 / 1°18'16"W

OS Eastings: 449305.368134

OS Northings: 77841.23441

OS Grid: SZ493778

Mapcode National: GBR 8CP.DYQ

Mapcode Global: FRA 874H.CHK

Entry Name: Bowl barrow on St Catherine's Down, 680m north of lighthouse on St Catherine's Hill

Scheduled Date: 6 August 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016009

English Heritage Legacy ID: 26846

County: Isle of Wight

Civil Parish: Niton and Whitwell

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Isle of Wight

Church of England Parish: Chale St Andrew

Church of England Diocese: Portsmouth


The monument includes a bowl barrow, lying on the crest of St Catherine's Down
680m north of the lighthouse on St Catherine's Hill.
The barrow includes a mound 17m in diameter and 1.5m high on the summit of
which is a depression, possibly the result of unrecorded antiquarian
excavation. Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material for its
construction was quarried. This is no longer visible on the surface but will
survive as a buried feature 2m wide.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The bowl barrow on St Catherine's Down, 680m north of the lighthouse on St
Catherine's Hill is a well preserved example of its class and will contain
archaeological remains providing information about beliefs, economy and
environment in the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age period.

Source: Historic England

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