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Bowl barrow 560m ENE of Week Farm: part of a round barrow cemetery on Week Down

A Scheduled Monument in Ventnor, Isle of Wight

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.5992 / 50°35'57"N

Longitude: -1.235 / 1°14'6"W

OS Eastings: 454234.70893

OS Northings: 77994.752327

OS Grid: SZ542779

Mapcode National: GBR 9F3.6LD

Mapcode Global: FRA 879H.2PQ

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 560m ENE of Week Farm: part of a round barrow cemetery on Week Down

Scheduled Date: 3 November 1961

Last Amended: 18 January 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010003

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22018

County: Isle of Wight

Civil Parish: Ventnor

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Isle of Wight

Church of England Parish: Godshill All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Portsmouth

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow set on a hilltop position in a downland
setting on the coast of the southern side of the Isle of Wight. To the west
the land falls away to a valley which runs north-south. The barrow lies on the
highest point of the hill. This is one of ten barrows which made up the Week
Down cemetery. Only five of these now survive.
The barrow has a mound which measures 30m east-west and 27m north-south and is
c.0.5m high on the south side and c.1m high on the north side. Surrounding the
mound is a ditch from which material was quarried during its construction.
This has become infilled over the years and can no longer be seen at ground
level, but survives as a buried feature c.4m wide.
The barrow was the subject of an antiquarian excavation.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

Despite having been ploughed periodically in the past and having been
partially excavated, the bowl barrow on Week Down is integral to the Week Down
cemetery and will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence
relating to the cemetery and the landscape in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Carr, R. D., Report on Week Down excavations (unpublished), 1968,

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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