Ancient Monuments

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Four bowl barrows 400m north east of the radar station: part of a round barrow cemetery on Luccombe Down

A Scheduled Monument in Ventnor, Isle of Wight

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.6061 / 50°36'21"N

Longitude: -1.1916 / 1°11'29"W

OS Eastings: 457298.971224

OS Northings: 78794.235963

OS Grid: SZ572787

Mapcode National: GBR 9DY.ZGZ

Mapcode Global: FRA 87DG.MKR

Entry Name: Four bowl barrows 400m north east of the radar station: part of a round barrow cemetery on Luccombe Down

Scheduled Date: 23 June 1967

Last Amended: 16 March 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010007

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22023

County: Isle of Wight

Civil Parish: Ventnor

Built-Up Area: Ventnor

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Isle of Wight

Church of England Parish: Wroxall St John the Evangelist

Church of England Diocese: Portsmouth

Details

The monument includes four bowl barrows situated on a north-south orientated
ridge on the south east coast of the Isle of Wight. This group of four barrows
lies on the highest point of the ridge and forms part of a wider cemetery
which includes eleven barrows.
The barrows, starting with the most southerly, have mounds which measure 10m,
15m, 19m, and 25m in diameter and are c.0.8m, 0.8m, 1.6m and 1.75m high.
Surrounding each mound is a ditch from which material was quarried during its
construction. These ditches have become infilled over the years and can no
longer be seen at ground level, but survive as buried features ranging from 2m
to 5m wide.
Of the eleven round barrows on Luccombe Down, ten, including three in this
group, have central depressions indicative of previous excavation; five of the
eleven barrows are known to have been excavated in 1855. Records of the other
excavations are unknown. The barrows excavated in 1855 contained interments in
baked clay urns surrounded by large flints.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

Despite some having been partially excavated in the past, the four bowl
barrows north east of the radar station are integral to the Luccombe Down
cemetery and will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence
relating to the cemetery and the landscape in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Whitehead, J C, Undercliff of the Isle of Wight, (1911), 20

Source: Historic England

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