Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 570m south west of Swainstondown Gate

A Scheduled Monument in Newport, Isle of Wight

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.6682 / 50°40'5"N

Longitude: -1.38 / 1°22'48"W

OS Eastings: 443908.372615

OS Northings: 85572.376471

OS Grid: SZ439855

Mapcode National: GBR 8BS.5WK

Mapcode Global: FRA 8709.L6D

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 570m south west of Swainstondown Gate

Scheduled Date: 6 August 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016008

English Heritage Legacy ID: 26845

County: Isle of Wight

Civil Parish: Newport

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Isle of Wight

Church of England Parish: Calbourne All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Portsmouth

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow, lying on a north west facing slope on
Newbarn Down 570m south west of Swainstondown Gate.
The barrow includes a flinty mound 18m in diameter and 0.4m high surrounding
which is a ditch from which material for its construction was quarried. This
is no longer visible on the surface but will survive as a buried feature 2m
wide.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The bowl barrow 570m south west of Swainstondown Gate is a comparatively well
preserved example of its class and will contain archaeological remains
providing information about beliefs, economy and environment in the Late
Neolithic and Bronze Age period.

Source: Historic England

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