Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Medieval enclosure in Newbarn Combe, 900m south east of Newbarn Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Calbourne, Isle of Wight

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Latitude: 50.6738 / 50°40'25"N

Longitude: -1.385 / 1°23'5"W

OS Eastings: 443554.043583

OS Northings: 86194.51317

OS Grid: SZ435861

Mapcode National: GBR 8BL.QN7

Mapcode Global: FRA 77Z9.B89

Entry Name: Medieval enclosure in Newbarn Combe, 900m south east of Newbarn Farm

Scheduled Date: 15 October 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016007

English Heritage Legacy ID: 26844

County: Isle of Wight

Civil Parish: Calbourne

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Isle of Wight

Church of England Parish: Calbourne All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Portsmouth


The monument includes a rectangular earthwork enclosure lying on the floor and
lower slopes of Newbarn Combe immediately south of Little Down. The earthwork,
the longer sides of which are aligned north west-south east, includes a bank
with an external ditch and encloses an area of approximately 0.5ha. A possible
original entrance lies on the north east side. Within the enclosed area lie a
small nearly square earthwork enclosure and, placed centrally on the base of
the combe, a circular pond, now concrete lined.
Excavations by P G Stone in 1910 provided evidence for a medieval date for
the enclosure and suggested that, in the 18th century, a barn had stood within
the small inner earthwork enclosure. Excavations by M J Allen in 1990 provided
evidence for the environmental history of the monument.
All fence posts and the concrete pond lining are excluded from the scheduling
although the ground beneath these features is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Earthen enclosures occur throughout the country, the intensity of their
distribution determined by local topography and the nature of the agricultural
system prevalent within the region. They provide evidence of land use and
agricultural practices in both the prehistoric and historic period and were a
common feature of the medieval countryside. They were constructed as stock
pens or as protected areas for crop growing and were sometimes subdivided to
provide temporary accommodation for stock, farmers or herdsmen. The size and
form of enclosures may vary considerably depending on their particular
Their variation in form, longevity and their relationship to other monument
classes, including field systems, provide information on the diversity and
social organisation of farming practices throughout the period of their use.
The enclosure south of Little Down is a well preserved example of its class
and has been demonstrated, by part excavation, to contain archaeological
deposits providing information about medieval and earlier land use,
environment and economy.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Allen, M G, The Land Use History of the Southern English Chalklands, (1994), 169-182
Stone, P G, 'Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries: Second Series' in Calbourne Valley; Newbarn Little Down, , Vol. Vol 24, (1912), 66-68

Source: Historic England

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