Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow in Brighstone Forest west of Gallibury Fields: 1.57km ESE of Gottenleaze Cottages

A Scheduled Monument in Calbourne, Isle of Wight

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.6637 / 50°39'49"N

Longitude: -1.3823 / 1°22'56"W

OS Eastings: 443754.573692

OS Northings: 85074.223271

OS Grid: SZ437850

Mapcode National: GBR 8BS.CBH

Mapcode Global: FRA 77ZB.599

Entry Name: Bowl barrow in Brighstone Forest west of Gallibury Fields: 1.57km ESE of Gottenleaze Cottages

Scheduled Date: 20 November 1967

Last Amended: 8 July 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007786

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21992

County: Isle of Wight

Civil Parish: Calbourne

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Isle of Wight

Church of England Parish: Brighstone

Church of England Diocese: Portsmouth

Details

The monument includes one of a group of three bowl barrows set on a high
plateau above Cheverton Down.

The barrow includes a mound which has a diameter of 11m and is 1.1m high.
Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material was quarried during its
construction. This has become infilled over the years and can no longer be
seen at ground level, but survives as a buried feature c.2m wide.

The barrow was opened by Hillier in the 19th century who found a cremation in
the centre of the mound surmounted by a thick plank of wood.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.


The bowl barrow in Brighstone Forest survives well and is known from partial
excavation to contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence
relating to the barrow and the landscape in which it was constructed. This is
one of a number of barrows which survive in Brighstone Forest.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
'Proceedings of the I.O.W. Nat History and Archaeological Soc' in Proceedings of the I.O.W. Nat History and Archaeological Society, , Vol. 3, (1940), 205,182

Source: Historic England

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