Ancient Monuments

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Part of a Roman road 250m south of Stubb Hill Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Stedham with Iping, West Sussex

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Latitude: 51.011 / 51°0'39"N

Longitude: -0.7911 / 0°47'28"W

OS Eastings: 484901.362932

OS Northings: 124209.005343

OS Grid: SU849242

Mapcode National: GBR DDM.JT0

Mapcode Global: FRA 967F.TWG

Entry Name: Part of a Roman road 250m south of Stubb Hill Farm

Scheduled Date: 12 June 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015879

English Heritage Legacy ID: 29270

County: West Sussex

Civil Parish: Stedham with Iping

Traditional County: Sussex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Sussex

Church of England Parish: Stedham with Iping

Church of England Diocese: Chichester


The monument includes a c.120m long section of north-south aligned Roman road
which crosses a greensand ridge c.20km north of Chichester. The road has a
central agger, or raised cambered trackway, up to c.6.5m wide and 0.75m high.
This has been partly disturbed by a modern track on its western side. The
ground which flanks each side of the agger will contain features associated
with the construction and use of the road, including quarry scoops, drainage
channels and parallel boundary ditches. These have become infilled over the
years but will survive in buried form.
The road linked the two regional capitals of Chichester and Silchester, and
most of the remainder of the route survives as a now levelled alignment which
can be traced on aerial photographs.
The modern surfaces of the more recent tracks which cross the monument are
excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Roman roads were artificially made-up routes introduced to Britain by the
Roman army from c.AD 43. They facilitated both the conquest of the province
and its subsequent administration. Their main purpose was to serve the Cursus
Publicus, or Imperial mail service. Express messengers could travel up to 150
miles per day on the network of Roman roads throughout Britain and Europe,
changing horses at wayside 'mutationes' (posting stations set every 8 miles on
major roads) and stopping overnight at 'mansiones' (rest houses located every
20-25 miles). In addition, throughout the Roman period and later, Roman roads
acted as commercial routes and became foci for settlement and industry.
Mausolea were sometimes built flanking roads during the Roman period while, in
the Anglian and medieval periods, Roman roads often served as property
boundaries. Although a number of roads fell out of use soon after the
withdrawal of Rome from the province in the fifth century AD, many have
continued in use down to the present day and are consequently sealed beneath
modern roads.
On the basis of construction technique, two main types of Roman road are
distinguishable. The first has widely spaced boundary ditches and a broad
elaborate agger comprising several layers of graded materials. The second
usually has drainage ditches and a narrow simple agger of two or three
successive layers. In addition to ditches and construction pits flanking the
sides of the road, features of Roman roads can include central stone ribs,
kerbs and culverts, not all of which will necessarily be contemporary with the
original construction of the road. With the exception of the extreme south-
west of the country, Roman roads are widely distributed throughout England and
extend into Wales and lowland Scotland. They are highly representative of the
period of Roman administration and provide important evidence of Roman civil
engineering skills as well as the pattern of Roman conquest and settlement. A
high proportion of examples exhibiting good survival are considered to be
worthy of protection.

Despite some disturbance by a later track and the action of tree roots, the
section of Roman road 250m south of Stubb Hill Farm survives well and will
retain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to Roman engineering
techniques and the landscape in which the monument was constructed. The
monument is one of few lengths of Roman road surviving in earthwork form in
south eastern England.

Source: Historic England

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