Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Two bowl barrows on Iping Common, 520m SSW of Crossways Cottages

A Scheduled Monument in Stedham with Iping, West Sussex

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Latitude: 50.9894 / 50°59'21"N

Longitude: -0.7888 / 0°47'19"W

OS Eastings: 485107.695557

OS Northings: 121810.598063

OS Grid: SU851218

Mapcode National: GBR DDT.Z9P

Mapcode Global: FRA 967H.GK9

Entry Name: Two bowl barrows on Iping Common, 520m SSW of Crossways Cottages

Scheduled Date: 13 August 1964

Last Amended: 11 January 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009318

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20025

County: West Sussex

Civil Parish: Stedham with Iping

Traditional County: Sussex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Sussex

Church of England Parish: Stedham with Iping

Church of England Diocese: Chichester


The monument includes two adjacent bowl barrows situated on a gentle rise in
an area of Lower Greensand. The most easterly of the two barrows has a mound
14m in diameter and 1.4m high. The western barrow is 13m in diameter and 1.2m
high. Although no longer visible at ground level ditches, from which material
was quarried during the construction of the monument, surround both mounds.
These have become infilled over the years and are no longer visible at ground
level but survive as buried features c.3m wide. Due to the proximity of the
two mounds only one ditch is believed to pass between them, the two ditches
together forming a `figure of eight' shape. Both barrows were recorded in
1940 by Grinsell.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite evidence for partial excavation of one of the two bowl barrows on
Iping Common the monument survives comparatively well and has potential for
the recovery of archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to
the landscape in which the monument was constructed.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Sussex Archaeological Collection' in Sussex Barrows: Supplementary Paper, , Vol. 81, (1940)

Source: Historic England

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