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Bowl barrow on Fitzhall Rough, 330m ENE of Fitzhall: part of Fitzhall Rough round barrow cemetery

A Scheduled Monument in Stedham with Iping, West Sussex

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.9843 / 50°59'3"N

Longitude: -0.7889 / 0°47'20"W

OS Eastings: 485106.728178

OS Northings: 121246.730331

OS Grid: SU851212

Mapcode National: GBR DF0.CC2

Mapcode Global: FRA 967H.VWZ

Entry Name: Bowl barrow on Fitzhall Rough, 330m ENE of Fitzhall: part of Fitzhall Rough round barrow cemetery

Scheduled Date: 18 October 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008503

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20037

County: West Sussex

Civil Parish: Stedham with Iping

Traditional County: Sussex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Sussex

Church of England Parish: Stedham with Iping

Church of England Diocese: Chichester

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow, part of a linear round barrow cemetery
situated on a Greensand ridge 3km to the north of the South Downs. The
complete cemetery consists of five bowl barrows running in a line WSW-ENE. The
barrows at the west end of the cemetery are closely grouped while the eastern
two are more dispersed. The bowl barrow 330m ENE of Fitzhall consists of a
central mound measuring 25m north-south and 21m east-west standing at a height
of 1.4m. Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material was quarried
during the construction of the monument. This has become infilled over the
years and now survives as a buried feature c.3m wide.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 330m ENE of Fitzhall, part of Fitzhall Rough round barrow
cemetery, survives well and has potential for the recovery of archaeological
remains and environmental evidence relating to the landscape in which the
monument was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Ordnance Survey, SU 82 SE 2B, (1949)

Source: Historic England

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