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Three bowl barrows on Fitzhall Rough, 200m north-east of Fitzhall: part of Fitzhall Rough round barrow cemetery

A Scheduled Monument in Stedham with Iping, West Sussex

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.9842 / 50°59'3"N

Longitude: -0.7906 / 0°47'26"W

OS Eastings: 484988.670942

OS Northings: 121225.145322

OS Grid: SU849212

Mapcode National: GBR DF0.BXP

Mapcode Global: FRA 967H.V4V

Entry Name: Three bowl barrows on Fitzhall Rough, 200m north-east of Fitzhall: part of Fitzhall Rough round barrow cemetery

Scheduled Date: 23 October 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013180

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20036

County: West Sussex

Civil Parish: Stedham with Iping

Traditional County: Sussex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Sussex

Church of England Parish: Stedham with Iping

Church of England Diocese: Chichester

Details

The monument includes three bowl barrows, part of a linear bowl barrow
cemetery situated on a Greensand ridge 3km to the north of the South Downs.
The complete cemetery consists of 5 bowl barrows running in a line WSW-ENE.
The barrows at the west end of the cemetery are closely grouped while the
eastern two are more dispersed. The most westerly barrow consists of a central
mound 22m in diameter and 1.8m high. Surrounding the mound is a ditch from
which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. This has
become infilled over the years and now survives as a buried feature c.3m wide.
The second barrow is 15m to the east and has a mound which measures 18m in
diameter and 1.2m high. This is also surrounded by a ditch which survives as a
buried feature c.3m wide. In the centre of the mound is a slight hollow which
suggests that the barrow was once partially excavated. The third bowl barrow,
a further 10m to the east, consists of a mound 20m in diameter and 1.2m high.
Surrounding this is a ditch which survives as a buried feature c.3m wide.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

Despite evidence for partial excavation of one of the three bowl barrows, this
part of the Fitzhall Rough round barrow cemetery survives well and has
potential for the recovery of archaeological remains and environmental
evidence relating to the landscape in which the monument was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Ordnance Survey, SU 82 SE 2, (1949)
Ordnance Survey, SU 82 SW 7, (1949)
SMR Ordnance Survey, SU 82 SE 2, (1970)

Source: Historic England

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