Ancient Monuments

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Standing stone on Bygate Hill, 660m north west of Bygate Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Belsay, Northumberland

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Coordinates

Latitude: 55.0877 / 55°5'15"N

Longitude: -1.8964 / 1°53'46"W

OS Eastings: 406711.597337

OS Northings: 577036.142225

OS Grid: NZ067770

Mapcode National: GBR H96M.70

Mapcode Global: WHB1W.VD40

Entry Name: Standing stone on Bygate Hill, 660m north west of Bygate Farm

Scheduled Date: 3 July 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015843

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28550

County: Northumberland

Civil Parish: Belsay

Traditional County: Northumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Northumberland

Church of England Parish: Stamfordham

Church of England Diocese: Newcastle

Details

The monument includes the remains of a standing stone of Bronze Age date,
situated on the highest part of Bygate Hill. The standing stone, which is much
weathered in appearance is 1.1m high and 0.6m by 0.65m wide. It is fashioned
from a large block of stone which is square in profile and leans slightly to
the south east.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Standing stones are prehistoric ritual or ceremonial monuments with dates
ranging from the Late Neolithic to the end of the Bronze Age for the few
excavated examples. They comprise single or paired upright orthostatic slabs,
ranging from under lm to over 6m high where still erect. They are often
conspicuously sited and close to other contemporary monument classes. They can
be accompanied by various features: many occur in or on the edge of round
barrows, and where excavated, associated subsurface features have included
stone cists, stone settings, and various pits and hollows filled in with earth
containing human bone, cremations, charcoal, flints, pots and pot sherds.
Similar deposits have been found in excavated sockets for standing stones,
which range considerably in depth. Several standing stones also bear cup and
ring marks. Standing stones may have functioned as markers for routeways,
territories, graves, or meeting points, but their accompanying features show
they also bore a ritual function and that they form one of several ritual
monument classes of their period that often contain a deposit of cremation and
domestic debris as an integral component. No national survey of standing
stones has been undertaken, and estimates range from 50 to 250 extant
examples, widely distributed throughout England but with concentrations in
Cornwall, the North Yorkshire Moors, Cumbria, Derbyshire and the Cotswolds.
Standing stones are important as nationally rare monuments, with a high
longevity and demonstrating the diversity of ritual practices in the Late
Neolithic and Bronze Age. Consequently all undisturbed standing stones and
those which represent the main range of types and locations would normally be
considered to be of national importance.

The standing stone in Bygate Hill Plantation is well preserved and a good
example of its type. It is one of a small number of standing stones in
Northumberland and will add to our knowledge and understanding of prehistoric
ritual practice.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
NZ07NE 10,

Source: Historic England

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