Ancient Monuments

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Round cairn 740m south east of Great Trowlesworthy Tor

A Scheduled Monument in Shaugh Prior, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.4565 / 50°27'23"N

Longitude: -3.9955 / 3°59'43"W

OS Eastings: 258441.43107

OS Northings: 63751.033621

OS Grid: SX584637

Mapcode National: GBR Q3.1RGV

Mapcode Global: FRA 27JV.77H

Entry Name: Round cairn 740m south east of Great Trowlesworthy Tor

Scheduled Date: 16 October 2000

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015756

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28796

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Shaugh Prior

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Details

This monument includes a round cairn situated close to a reave and standing
stone on a gentle south facing slope overlooking Whitehill Yeo China Clay
Works. The cairn survives as a 5m diameter and 0.4m high circular mound of
stones and earth. A shallow hollow in the centre of the mound suggests partial
early excavation or robbing.
Other archaeological features surviving within the vicinity of this monument
are the subject of separate schedulings.
This monument is in the care of the Secretary of State.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Round cairns are prehistoric funerary
monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, the latter predominating in areas of upland Britain
where such raw materials were locally available in abundance. Round cairns may
cover single or multiple burials and are sometimes surrounded by an outer
ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major visual element in
the modern landscape. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a
monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and
social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. Dartmoor provides one
of the best preserved and most dense concentrations of round cairns in south-
western Britain.

Despite partial early excavation the round cairn 740m south east of Great
Trowlesworthy Tor survives well and forms part a larger cluster of broadly
contemporary funerary monuments.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Thackray, C., The Upper Plym Valley: The management of an historic landscape, 1994, Archaeological Site Inventory

Source: Historic England

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