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Enclosure west of Shell Top

A Scheduled Monument in Shaugh Prior, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.4581 / 50°27'29"N

Longitude: -3.9882 / 3°59'17"W

OS Eastings: 258968.755883

OS Northings: 63915.896119

OS Grid: SX589639

Mapcode National: GBR Q4.7MBZ

Mapcode Global: FRA 27JV.B2D

Entry Name: Enclosure west of Shell Top

Scheduled Date: 27 November 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011953

English Heritage Legacy ID: 10613

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Shaugh Prior

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Details

The Dartmoor landscape includes many discrete plots of land enclosed by
stone walls or earth and stone banks, which acted as stock pens or protected
areas for crop growing. Some of them were subdivided to accommodate hut
dwellings for farmers and herdsmen. Many examples date to the Bronze Age
(c.2500 - 500 BC), though earlier and later ones also exist.
This sub-circular enclosure lies on the south-west slope of Lee Moor and is
50m in length and 40m in width and defined by a rubble wall up to 2m in
width and 0.75m in height. It has an entrance through the west side and
another possible entrance in the south-east wall, close to one of the two
huts built into the wall. The huts are D-shaped, the western one is 6m by 5m
with a wall 1.5m in thickness and 0.4m in height; the eastern one is 6m in
length and width and has a wall 1m in thickness and up to 0.4m in height.
The western hut has a possible entrance into the enclosure.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in Southern Britain and
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the
most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country.
The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct
evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early Prehistoric
period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between
settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary
monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights
into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time.
This enclosure is a well-preserved example with hut circles. It provides
important insight into farming practices on the Moor during the prehistoric
period.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Devon County SMR SX 56 SE-097,

Source: Historic England

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