Ancient Monuments

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Round barrow 780m south west of Bethal Slack and 1.14km south west of reservoir

A Scheduled Monument in Guisborough, Redcar and Cleveland

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.5032 / 54°30'11"N

Longitude: -1.0259 / 1°1'33"W

OS Eastings: 463177.569946

OS Northings: 512418.113116

OS Grid: NZ631124

Mapcode National: GBR PJ8C.PJ

Mapcode Global: WHF8M.62QM

Entry Name: Round barrow 780m south west of Bethal Slack and 1.14km south west of reservoir

Scheduled Date: 26 July 1976

Last Amended: 31 January 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015444

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28268

County: Redcar and Cleveland

Civil Parish: Guisborough

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Guisborough St Nicholas

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes a round barrow situated in a prominent position on the
north edge of the North York Moors
The barrow has an earth and stone mound standing 1m high. It is round in shape
and 10m in diameter. It was originally surrounded by a kerb of stones which
defined the barrow and supported the mound. However stones are now only
visible around parts of the mound, the remainder having been taken away or
buried by soil slipping from the mound. The north side of the mound has been
revetted in recent times with three courses of stones built up, probably as
part of a shooting butt. Unlike other barrows in the area this mound has not
been excavated.
The barrow lies in an area rich in prehistoric monuments including further
barrows, field systems and clearance cairns.
The shooting butt on the north side of the mound is excluded from the
scheduling, although the ground beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite limited disturbance, this barrow has survived well. Significant
information about the original form of the barrow and the burials placed
within it will be preserved. Evidence of earlier land use will also survive
beneath the barrow mound.
Together with other barrows in the area it is thought to also represent a
territorial marker. Similar groups of monuments are also known across the west
and central areas of the North York Moors, providing important insight into
burial practice. Such groupings of monuments offer important scope for the
study of the division of land for social and ritual purposes in different
geographical areas during the prehistoric period.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Elgee, F, Early Man in NE Yorkshire, (1930), 148
Spratt, D A , 'Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology in North East Yorkshire' in Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology of North East Yorkshire, , Vol. BAR 104, (1993), 91-116

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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