Ancient Monuments

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Three round barrows 800m south of Belmanbank Gate

A Scheduled Monument in Guisborough, Redcar and Cleveland

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.5103 / 54°30'37"N

Longitude: -1.0361 / 1°2'9"W

OS Eastings: 462506.606426

OS Northings: 513209.273237

OS Grid: NZ625132

Mapcode National: GBR PJ68.HY

Mapcode Global: WHF8F.1WXN

Entry Name: Three round barrows 800m south of Belmanbank Gate

Scheduled Date: 24 May 1951

Last Amended: 14 March 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015395

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28261

County: Redcar and Cleveland

Civil Parish: Guisborough

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Guisborough St Nicholas

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes three round barrows situated in a prominent position on
the north edge of the North York Moors.
The barrows lie in line north to south and are 50m apart. All the barrows have
a round shaped earth and stone mound, and each was originally surrounded by a
kerb of stones which defined the barrow and supported the mound. However, over
time some stones have disappeared or have been buried by soil slipping from
the mounds. The northern barrow mound is 14m in diameter and 0.4m high with
kerb stones visible on the south side. The central mound is 9m in diameter and
1m high with a kerb of large stones surrounding the mound on the west and
south sides. The southern mound is 10m in diameter and up to 0.5m high. Kerb
stones were recorded around the mound in 1977. The centre of the southern
barrow mound has been substantially excavated to house modern shelters, now
demolished.
The barrows lie in an area rich in prehistoric monuments, including further
barrows, field systems and clearance cairns.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite limited disturbance these barrows have survived well. Significant
information about the original form of the barrows and the burials placed
within them will be preserved. Evidence of earlier land use will also survive
beneath the barrow mounds.
Together with other barrows in the area, they are thought to also represent
territorial markers. Similar groups of monuments are also known across the
west and central areas of the North York Moors, providing important insight
into burial practice. Such groupings of monuments offer important scope for
the study of the prehistoric division of land for social and ritual purposes
in different geographical areas.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Spratt, D A , 'Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology in North East Yorkshire' in Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology of North East Yorkshire, (1993), 92-122
Spratt, D A , 'Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology in North East Yorkshire' in Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology of North East Yorkshire, (1993), 92-122

Source: Historic England

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