Ancient Monuments

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Four bowl barrows 70m east of Seven Barrows Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Wareham Town, Dorset

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Latitude: 50.6978 / 50°41'52"N

Longitude: -2.1264 / 2°7'35"W

OS Eastings: 391168.93804

OS Northings: 88695.117085

OS Grid: SY911886

Mapcode National: GBR 21G.37H

Mapcode Global: FRA 67F7.HD7

Entry Name: Four bowl barrows 70m east of Seven Barrows Farm

Scheduled Date: 4 October 1932

Last Amended: 11 July 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015374

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28373

County: Dorset

Civil Parish: Wareham Town

Built-Up Area: Wareham

Traditional County: Dorset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Dorset

Church of England Parish: Wareham Lady St Mary

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury


The monument includes a group of four bowl barrows situated on a ridge
overlooking Poole Harbour to the south east and views to the Purbeck Hills to
the south. The mopnument contains four of the eight barrows which together
comprise a round barrow cemetery. (The other four barrows are the subject of a
separate scheduling.)
The barrows, which are aligned north east by south west, each have a mound
composed of earth, sand and turf, with maximum dimensions of between 12m-25m
in diameter and c.0.4m-0.8m in height. The mounds are each surrounded by a
ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the
monument. The ditches have become infilled over the years, but will survive as
buried features c.1.5m-2m wide.
Part excavations were conducted at the site by Shipp and Durden in 1844,
although the results of the investigations are not known.
Excluded from the scheduling are the fence posts relating to the modern field
boundaries and the surface of the farm track, although the ground beneath
these features is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

Despite some reduction by ploughing, the four bowl barrows 70m east of Seven
Barrows Farm survive comparatively well and will contain archaeological and
environmental evidence relating to the cemetery and the landscape in which it
was constructed.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset: Volume I, (1970), 455
Leech, P, Ancient Monuments Record Form,
RCHME, National Monuments Record,

Source: Historic England

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