Ancient Monuments

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Four bowl barrows 150m north east of Seven Barrows Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Wareham Town, Dorset

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.6989 / 50°41'55"N

Longitude: -2.1255 / 2°7'31"W

OS Eastings: 391232.208151

OS Northings: 88809.162996

OS Grid: SY912888

Mapcode National: GBR 21G.3FQ

Mapcode Global: FRA 67F7.9RT

Entry Name: Four bowl barrows 150m north east of Seven Barrows Farm

Scheduled Date: 4 October 1932

Last Amended: 11 July 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015373

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28372

County: Dorset

Civil Parish: Wareham Town

Built-Up Area: Wareham

Traditional County: Dorset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Dorset

Church of England Parish: Wareham Lady St Mary

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes a group of four bowl barrows situated on a ridge
overlooking Poole Harbour to the south east and with views to the Purbeck
Hills to the south. The monument contains four of the eight barrows which
together comprise a round barrow cemetery. (The other four barrows are the
subject of a separate scheduling, SM 28373).
The barrows, which are aligned broadly north east-south west, each have a
mound composed of earth, sand and turf, with maximum dimensions of between
10m-16m in diameter and between c.0.2m-c.0.8m in height. The mounds are each
surrounded by a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction
of the monument. The ditches have become infilled over the years, but each
will survive as a buried feature c.1.5m-2m wide.
The site was part excavated by Shipp and Durden in 1844, although the results
of these investigations are not known.
Excluded from the scheduling are all fence posts relating to the modern field
boundary, although the ground beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

Despite some reduction by ploughing, the four bowl barrows 150m north east of
Seven Barrows Farm survive comparatively well and will contain archaeological
and environmental evidence relating to the cemetery and the landscape in which
it was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset: Volume I, (1970), 455
Other
Leech, P, Ancient Monuments Record Form,
Leech, P, Ancient Monuments Record Form,
Leech, P, Ancient Monuments Record Form,
Part excavation by Shipp and Durden, RCHME, National Monuments Record,
RCHME, National Monuments Record,

Source: Historic England

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