Ancient Monuments

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Long barrow on Winterbourne Stoke Down

A Scheduled Monument in Winterbourne Stoke, Wiltshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.1843 / 51°11'3"N

Longitude: -1.8703 / 1°52'13"W

OS Eastings: 409160.777002

OS Northings: 142793.768

OS Grid: SU091427

Mapcode National: GBR 3YG.MZ5

Mapcode Global: VHB59.JHLG

Entry Name: Long barrow on Winterbourne Stoke Down

Scheduled Date: 10 March 1925

Last Amended: 13 November 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015021

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28926

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Winterbourne Stoke

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Winterbourne Stoke St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes a long barrow orientated east - west situated on a
downland spur 180m south of the A360 on Winterbourne Stoke Down. The mound is
43m long. A 36m length of the mound survives as a visible earthwork which
varies in height from 1.5m high at the western end to c.1m at the eastern end.
Beyond this the remainder of the mound is visible as a slight rise in the
field surface. The mound is 17m wide and is flanked on either side by a ditch
up to 5m wide; that on the south side is visible as a shallow depression. The
north western ditch survives as a buried feature. A part excavation by
Cunnington in the early 19th century produced a cremation covered with flints
and two deep cists containing wood ash and charcoal.
The long barrow lies within a levelled field system which has not been
included in the scheduling.
The metalling of the adjacent track and all fence posts are excluded from the
scheduling but the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

The most complete and extensive survival of chalk downland archaeological
remains in central southern England occurs on Salisbury Plain, particularly in
those areas lying within the Salisbury Plain Training Area. These remains
represent one of the few extant archaeological "landscapes" in Britain and are
considered to be of special significance because they differ in character from
those in other areas with comparable levels of preservation. Individual sites
on Salisbury Plain are seen as being additionally important because the
evidence of their direct association with each other survives so well.
Twenty-eight Neolithic long barrows have been identified in the Salisbury
Plain Training Area. As a monument type long barrows are sufficiently rare
nationally that, unless severely damaged, all examples surviving as earthworks
are considered to be of national importance.

The long barrow on Winterbourne Stoke Down survives well and is known from
part excavation to contain archaeological remains and environmental
evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was
constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, LV, The Victoria History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume V, (1957), 146
Hoare, R C, Ancient History of Wiltshire, (1812), 117
Cunnington, M E, 'Wiltshire Archaeological Magazine' in List of the Long Barrows of Wiltshire, , Vol. 38, (1914), 407

Source: Historic England

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