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Bowl barrow 830m south west of Greenlands Bungalow, east of Shrewton

A Scheduled Monument in Winterbourne Stoke, Wiltshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.1908 / 51°11'26"N

Longitude: -1.8723 / 1°52'20"W

OS Eastings: 409021.867729

OS Northings: 143513.037431

OS Grid: SU090435

Mapcode National: GBR 3YG.7GQ

Mapcode Global: VHB59.HBKH

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 830m south west of Greenlands Bungalow, east of Shrewton

Scheduled Date: 4 May 1955

Last Amended: 13 November 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015217

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28928

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Winterbourne Stoke

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Winterbourne Stoke St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow located 830m south west of Greenlands
Bungalow, east of Shrewton situated on the summit of a south facing slope.
The barrow is visible as a low, spread mound and has been previously recorded
as 27m in diameter. The mound is surrounded by a ditch from which material was
quarried during its construction. This has become infilled over the years and
survives as a buried feature which a part excavation of 1959 showed to be 2.5m
wide giving the barrow an overall diameter of 32m.
Part excavation also revealed a cremation in a pit covered by a flint cairn
and a sheep burial.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations they are a
major historic element in the modern landscape. Their considerable variation
of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the
variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric
communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a
substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite its reduced height, the bowl barrow 830m south west of Greenlands
Bungalow is known from part excavation to contain archaeological remains and
environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it
was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, The Victoria History of the County of Wiltshire, (1957), 202
Green, C, Rollo-Smith, S, 'Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society' in The Excavation of Eighteen Round Barrows near Shrewton, Wilts, , Vol. 50, (1984), 255-318

Source: Historic England

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