Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 600m south west of Airman's Corner on Winterbourne Stoke Down

A Scheduled Monument in Winterbourne Stoke, Wiltshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.1826 / 51°10'57"N

Longitude: -1.8681 / 1°52'5"W

OS Eastings: 409316.857779

OS Northings: 142599.249996

OS Grid: SU093425

Mapcode National: GBR 3YG.VYS

Mapcode Global: VHB59.KJST

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 600m south west of Airman's Corner on Winterbourne Stoke Down

Scheduled Date: 18 April 1955

Last Amended: 31 January 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015022

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28927

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Winterbourne Stoke

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Winterbourne Stoke St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow located 600m south west of Airman's Corner
on Winterbourne Stoke Down. It is situated c.150m above the base of a dry
valley on a south facing slope. The barrow mound is visible as a scatter of
small flints and chalk 12m in diameter and 0.3m high. Past records and recent
aerial photographs provide no evidence of a quarry ditch surrounding the
mound.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

The most complete and extensive survival of chalk downland archaeological
remains in central southern England occurs on Salisbury Plain, particularly in
those areas lying within the Salisbury Plain Training Area. These remains
represent one of the few extant archaeological "landscapes" in Britain and are
considered to be of special significance because they differ in character from
those in other areas with comparable levels of preservation. Individual sites
on Salisbury Plain are seen as being additionally important because the
evidence of their direct association with each other survives so well.

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occuring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations they are a
major historic element in the modern landscape. Their considerable variation
of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the
variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric
communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a
substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.
Despite erosion by cultivation, the bowl barrow on Winterbourne Stoke Down
will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the
monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, LV, The Victoria History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume V, (1957), 202
Hoare, R C, Ancient History of Wiltshire, (1812), 117-8

Source: Historic England

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