Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Cup and ring marked rock near Green Haggs Lane, Spofforth, 130m west of Lodge Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Spofforth with Stockeld, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 53.9522 / 53°57'7"N

Longitude: -1.4753 / 1°28'30"W

OS Eastings: 434533.916258

OS Northings: 450805.454159

OS Grid: SE345508

Mapcode National: GBR LQ4Q.DZ

Mapcode Global: WHD9S.9XRK

Entry Name: Cup and ring marked rock near Green Haggs Lane, Spofforth, 130m west of Lodge Farm

Scheduled Date: 18 September 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014972

English Heritage Legacy ID: 29102

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Spofforth with Stockeld

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Spofforth with Kirk Deighton

Church of England Diocese: Leeds


The monument includes a carved gritstone rock, partly covered by gorse. The
visible part measures 1m x 0.4m x 0.2m. It is situated at Spofforth, near
Green Haggs Lane, at the base of a pronounced lynchet. The latter runs at an
angle of approximately 60 degrees to the track to Lodge Farm, and is south
west of this track. An accurate National Grid Reference for the rock is
SE 34535 50805.
The carving consists of five cups, two of which have rings.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Prehistoric rock art is found on natural rock outcrops in many areas of upland
Britain. It is especially common in the north of England in Northumberland,
Durham and North and West Yorkshire. The most common form of decoration is the
`cup and ring' marking where expanses of small cup-like hollows are pecked
into the surface of the rock. These cups may be surrounded by one or more
`rings'. Single pecked lines extending from the cup through the `rings' may
also exist, providing the design with a `tail'. Other shapes and patterns also
occur, but are less frequent. Carvings may occur singly, in small groups, or
may cover extensive areas of rock surface. They date to the Late Neolithic and
Bronze Age periods (2800-c.500 BC) and provide one of our most important
insights into prehistoric `art'. The exact meaning of the designs remains
unknown, but they may be interpreted as sacred or religious symbols.
Frequently they are found close to contemporary burial monuments and the
symbols are also found on portable stones placed directly next to burials or
incorporated in burial mounds. Around 800 examples of prehistoric rock-art
have been recorded in England. This is unlikely to be a realistic reflection
of the number carved in prehistory. Many will have been overgrown or destroyed
in activities such as quarrying. All positively identified prehistoric rock
art sites exhibiting a significant group of designs will normally be
identified as nationally important.

The carving on this rock survives well and the rock forms an important outlier
from the main concentrations of carved rocks further west (e.g. Denton and
Askwith Moor) and south west (Rombalds Moor).

Source: Historic England

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