Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 100m west of the south western edge of Cissbury Ring hillfort

A Scheduled Monument in Offington, West Sussex

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Latitude: 50.8589 / 50°51'32"N

Longitude: -0.3896 / 0°23'22"W

OS Eastings: 513435.673339

OS Northings: 107838.613164

OS Grid: TQ134078

Mapcode National: GBR HM2.495

Mapcode Global: FRA B62T.N12

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 100m west of the south western edge of Cissbury Ring hillfort

Scheduled Date: 13 November 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014947

English Heritage Legacy ID: 27070

County: West Sussex

Electoral Ward/Division: Offington

Built-Up Area: Worthing

Traditional County: Sussex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Sussex

Church of England Parish: Findon Valley All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Chichester


The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on a clay-with-flints capped
chalk spur which projects from the southern edge of the Sussex Downs, c.3km
north of the Channel coast at Worthing. The barrow has a roughly circular
mound c.9m in diameter and c.0.4m high with a slight central hollow,
indicating part excavation some time in the past. The mound is surrounded
by a ditch from which material used to construct the barrow was excavated.
This has become partly infilled over the years, but survives as a slight
depression c.2m wide and c.0.25m deep.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The bowl barrow 100m west of Cissbury Ring hillfort survives comparatively
well and will contain important information relating to the construction and
use of the monument. Its close association with other monuments on the spur,
including earlier Neolithic flint mines and the later Iron Age hillfort will
provide evidence for the changing function of this area of downland over the

Source: Historic England

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