Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 120m north west of Cissbury

A Scheduled Monument in Findon, West Sussex

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.8612 / 50°51'40"N

Longitude: -0.4006 / 0°24'2"W

OS Eastings: 512661.053183

OS Northings: 108069.896606

OS Grid: TQ126080

Mapcode National: GBR HLW.TTD

Mapcode Global: FRA B61T.PR4

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 120m north west of Cissbury

Scheduled Date: 4 February 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1018896

English Heritage Legacy ID: 32242

County: West Sussex

Civil Parish: Findon

Traditional County: Sussex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Sussex

Church of England Parish: Findon, Clapham and Patching

Church of England Diocese: Chichester

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on gently sloping ground at the
foot of a chalk spur which forms part of the Sussex Downs. The barrow has a
roughly circular mound, up to 12m in diameter and 0.9m high. The mound is
surrounded by a ditch from which material used to construct the barrow was
excavated. Construction of a track has destroyed the eastern edge of the
barrow mound and the eastern section of the ditch, and this area is therefore
not included in the scheduling. Elsewhere, the ditch will survive as a now
infilled buried feature up to around 2m wide. A Bronze Age pottery vessel is
recorded as having been found in the barrow, probably during construction of
the track.
The modern fence which crosses the eastern edge of the monument is excluded
from the scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The bowl barrow 120m north west of Cissbury survives well, despite some
subsequent disturbance, and will retain archaeological remains and
environmental evidence relating to the construction and use of the monument.
Its association with other broadly contemporary monuments, including the later
Iron Age hillfort at Cissbury Ring, will provide evidence for changes in the
social organisation of this area of downland during the prehistoric period.

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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