Ancient Monuments

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Ring cairn 430m south west of Wood End

A Scheduled Monument in Barden, North Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.0332 / 54°1'59"N

Longitude: -1.9473 / 1°56'50"W

OS Eastings: 403549.959601

OS Northings: 459689.8796

OS Grid: SE035596

Mapcode National: GBR GPVS.6Z

Mapcode Global: WHB6X.2W0G

Entry Name: Ring cairn 430m south west of Wood End

Scheduled Date: 7 March 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014354

English Heritage Legacy ID: 27935

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Barden

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Details

This substantial ring cairn is situated on level ground under thick heather
cover. It includes a stone bank 3m wide and c.0.8m high which has been cut in
places on the north east and north west side leaving openings c.1m-0.8m wide
revealing the large boulder construction of the bank. The ring cairn has an
internal diameter of 15m and an overall external diameter of 21m.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

A ring cairn is a prehistoric ritual monument comprising a circular bank of
stones up to 20m in diameter surrounding a hollow central area. The bank may
be kerbed on the inside, and sometimes on the outside as well, with small
uprights or laid boulders. Ring cairns are found mainly in upland areas of
England and are mostly discovered and authenticated by fieldwork and ground
level survey, although a few are large enough to be visible on aerial
photographs. They often occur in pairs or small groups of up to four examples.
Occasionally they lie within round barrow cemeteries. Ring cairns are
interpreted as ritual monuments of Early and Middle Bronze Age date. The exact
nature of the rituals concerned is not fully understood, but excavation has
revealed pits, some containing burials and others containing charcoal and
pottery, taken to indicate feasting activities associated with the burial
rituals. Many areas of upland have not yet been surveyed in detail and the
number of ring cairns in England is not accurately known. However, available
evidence indicates a population of between 250 and 500 examples. As a
relatively rare class of monument exhibiting considerable variation in form,
all positively identified examples retaining significant archaeological
deposits are considered worthy of preservation.

Although this substantial ring cairn has been partly disturbed, much of it
survives intact displaying many features and it will retain further
archaeological deposits.

Source: Historic England

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