Ancient Monuments

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Stone circle, Mossy Moor Ridge

A Scheduled Monument in Hebden, North Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.0718 / 54°4'18"N

Longitude: -1.9557 / 1°57'20"W

OS Eastings: 402994.800768

OS Northings: 463986.820564

OS Grid: SE029639

Mapcode National: GBR GPSC.D3

Mapcode Global: WHB6P.XXWC

Entry Name: Stone circle, Mossy Moor Ridge

Scheduled Date: 10 August 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008780

English Heritage Legacy ID: 24475

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Hebden

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Details

The monument is a stone circle which is situated on a slight south east
facing concave slope on Mossy Moor Ridge. It includes three gritstone uprights
set on edge, the largest of which has dimensions of 0.9m by 0.64m and 0.14m
thick, the others being considerably smaller. Two other stones appear to have
been broken off at ground level. The stones are all set on a slight earthen
bank. Four other stones lie recumbent within the circle and are obscured by
dense heather. The circle has a overall diameter of 10m.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Stone circles are prehistoric monuments comprising one or more circles of
upright or recumbent stones. The circle of stones may be surrounded by
earthwork features such as enclosing banks and ditches. Single upright stones
may be found within the circle or outside it and avenues of stones radiating
out from the circle occur at some sites. Burial cairns may also be found close
to and on occasion within the circle. Stone circles are found throughout
England although they are concentrated in western areas, with particular
clusters in upland areas such as Bodmin and Dartmoor in the south-west and the
Lake District and the rest of Cumbria in the north-west. This distribution may
be more a reflection of present survival rather than an original pattern.
Where excavated they have been found to date from the Late Neolithic to the
Middle Bronze Age (c.2400-1000 BC). It is clear that they were carefully
designed and laid out, frequently exhibiting very regularly spaced stones, the
heights of which also appear to have been of some importance. We do not fully
understand the uses for which these monuments were originally constructed but
it is clear that they had considerable ritual importance for the societies
that used them. In many instances excavation has indicated that they provided
a focus for burials and the rituals that accompanied interment of the dead.
Some circles appear to have had a calendrical function, helping mark the
passage of time and seasons, this being indicated by the careful alignment of
stones to mark important solar or lunar events such as sunrise or sunset at
midsummer or midwinter. At other sites the spacing of individual circles
throughout the landscape has led to a suggestion that each one provided some
form of tribal gathering point for a specific social group. A small stone
circle comprises a regular or irregular ring of between 7 and 16 stones with a
diameter of between 4 and 20 metres. They are widespread throughout England
although clusters are found on Dartmoor, the North Yorkshire Moors, in the
Peak District and in the uplands of Cumbria and Northumberland. Of the 250 or
so stone circles identified in England, over 100 are examples of small stone
circles. As a rare monument type which provides an important insight into
prehistoric ritual activity, all surviving examples are worthy of
preservation.

The Mossy Ridge stone circle survives well.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Dr. A Raistrick, (1954)

Source: Historic England

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