Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow on Arne Hill 270m south west of Arne Dairy House

A Scheduled Monument in Arne, Dorset

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Latitude: 50.6931 / 50°41'35"N

Longitude: -2.0449 / 2°2'41"W

OS Eastings: 396925.860679

OS Northings: 88160.434449

OS Grid: SY969881

Mapcode National: GBR 32W.KTN

Mapcode Global: FRA 67L7.Z02

Entry Name: Bowl barrow on Arne Hill 270m south west of Arne Dairy House

Scheduled Date: 6 July 1959

Last Amended: 7 February 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014299

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28301

County: Dorset

Civil Parish: Arne

Traditional County: Dorset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Dorset

Church of England Parish: Wareham Lady St Mary

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury


The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on Arne Hill in the Isle of
Purbeck, overlooking the surrounding heathland and Poole Harbour to the
north east.
The barrow has a mound composed of earth, sand and turf with a maximum
diameter of 25m and a maximum height of c.2.5m. The top of the mound has two
small trenches likely to represent World War II dug-outs. Both are square
in plan with dimensions of 1.5m by 1.5m and a maximum depth of c.0.5m. There
are also two linear trenches with dimensions of between 6m-8m in length, 1m in
width and c.0.5m in depth running east from the northern dug-out in the centre
of the mound.
Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material was quarried during the
construction of the monument. This survives as an earthwork 3m wide and
c.0.75m deep and is flanked by an outer bank 2.25m wide and c.0.5m high.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite limited disturbance by military trenches, the bowl barrow on Arne Hill
270m south west of Arne Dairy House survives well and will contain
archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the
landscape in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset: Volume I, (1970), 435

Source: Historic England

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