Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Rock with cup marks and grooves near boundary between Askwith Moor and Denton Moor, 600m east of Dunkirk

A Scheduled Monument in Denton, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 53.9538 / 53°57'13"N

Longitude: -1.7567 / 1°45'24"W

OS Eastings: 416061.817764

OS Northings: 450882.942661

OS Grid: SE160508

Mapcode National: GBR JQ5Q.GF

Mapcode Global: WHC8H.ZWMB

Entry Name: Rock with cup marks and grooves near boundary between Askwith Moor and Denton Moor, 600m east of Dunkirk

Scheduled Date: 14 February 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014201

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28044

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Denton

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Weston All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Leeds


The monument includes a rounded, carved, gritstone rock, measuring 1.1m by
0.9m by 0.4m. It is situated east of the boundary wall between Askwith Moor
and Denton Moor, on the north eastern flank of a slight prominence at the far
west end of the ridge running down from Hollin Tree Hill, just south of the
stream draining Lanshaw. An accurate grid reference for the monument is
The carving consists of at least five cup marks: one large, one small, the
others very shallow and indistinct. There are also two long indistinct
grooves, and a possible partial ring round the small cup.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 5 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Prehistoric rock art is found on natural rock outcrops in many areas of upland
Britain. It is especially common in the north of England in Northumberland,
Durham and North and West Yorkshire. The most common form of decoration is the
`cup and ring' marking where expanses of small cup-like hollows are pecked
into the surface of the rock. These cups may be surrounded by one or more
`rings'. Single pecked lines extending from the cup through the `rings' may
also exist, providing the design with a `tail'. Other shapes and patterns also
occur, but are less frequent. Carvings may occur singly, in small groups, or
may cover extensive areas of rock surface. They date to the Late Neolithic and
Bronze Age periods (2800-c.500 BC) and provide one of our most important
insights into prehistoric `art'. The exact meaning of the designs remains
unknown, but they may be interpreted as sacred or religious symbols.
Frequently they are found close to contemporary burial monuments and the
symbols are also found on portable stones placed directly next to burials or
incorporated in burial mounds. Around 800 examples of prehistoric rock-art
have been recorded in England. This is unlikely to be a realistic reflection
of the number carved in prehistory. Many will have been overgrown or destroyed
in activities such as quarrying. All positively identified prehistoric rock
art sites exhibiting a significant group of designs will normally be
identified as nationally important.

The carving on this rock survives well and forms part of the prehistoric
landscape of Askwith Moor.

Source: Historic England

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