Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Two cup marked rocks near track, 180m east of triangulation pillar on Shooting House Hill, Askwith Moor

A Scheduled Monument in Askwith, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 53.9552 / 53°57'18"N

Longitude: -1.7381 / 1°44'17"W

OS Eastings: 417282.220339

OS Northings: 451044.851324

OS Grid: SE172510

Mapcode National: GBR JQ9P.HX

Mapcode Global: WHC8J.8VL7

Entry Name: Two cup marked rocks near track, 180m east of triangulation pillar on Shooting House Hill, Askwith Moor

Scheduled Date: 14 February 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014205

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28048

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Askwith

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Weston All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Leeds


The monument includes two carved gritstone rocks, situated near the track to
the triangulation pillar on Shooting House Hill, Askwith Moor.
The eastern rock, whose grid reference is SE1728551048, is almost square, with
eroded bedding planes, and partly covered by heather. The visible part of the
rock measures 0.45m by 0.5m by 0.2m. The carving consists of one cup mark.
The western rock, whose grid reference is SE1727851040, is also partly covered
by vegetation. The visible part of the rock measures 1.8m by 1.7m by 0.4m. The
carving consists of one deep cup mark at the highest point of the rock, and
two other cup marks on the west face.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 5 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Prehistoric rock art is found on natural rock outcrops in many areas of upland
Britain. It is especially common in the north of England in Northumberland,
Durham and North and West Yorkshire. The most common form of decoration is the
`cup and ring' marking where expanses of small cup-like hollows are pecked
into the surface of the rock. These cups may be surrounded by one or more
`rings'. Single pecked lines extending from the cup through the `rings' may
also exist, providing the design with a `tail'. Other shapes and patterns also
occur, but are less frequent. Carvings may occur singly, in small groups, or
may cover extensive areas of rock surface. They date to the Late Neolithic and
Bronze Age periods (2800-c.500 BC) and provide one of our most important
insights into prehistoric `art'. The exact meaning of the designs remains
unknown, but they may be interpreted as sacred or religious symbols.
Frequently they are found close to contemporary burial monuments and the
symbols are also found on portable stones placed directly next to burials or
incorporated in burial mounds. Around 800 examples of prehistoric rock-art
have been recorded in England. This is unlikely to be a realistic reflection
of the number carved in prehistory. Many will have been overgrown or destroyed
in activities such as quarrying. All positively identified prehistoric rock
art sites exhibiting a significant group of designs will normally be
identified as nationally important.

The carvings on these rocks survive well and form part of the prehistoric
landscape of Askwith Moor.

Source: Historic England

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